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Penjajahan Belanda

Dutch colonialism

Salam!


Let's learn about Dutch colonialism

In this lesson we will:

- learn about the VOC and early Dutch colonialism in Nusantara


Key phrases

     Belanda Dutch
     VOC Dutch East Indies Company
     Kompeni VOC
     Batavia former Jakarta
     Menjajah Colonise
     Penjajahan Colonisation



Key activites:

Watch the video and discuss early Dutch colonisation in Nusantara


Let's now watch a video about early Dutch colonisation in Indonesia.


What was VOC's strategy priority in the East Indies?

How did events in Banda island exemplified VOC's tactics?

What was Jan Pieterszoon Coen's approach and what were its impact on the spice trade?


Let's read some wikipedia excerpts about the VOC and practise our translation skills


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     Kongsi Incorporation
     Perusahaan Company
     Resmi Formally
     Didirikan Established
     Dagang Trade
     Persekutuan Conglomeration




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     Meskipun Even though
     Sebenarnya In actual fact
     Merupakan Is/was
     Istimewa Special
     Didukung Supported
     Hak Rights
     Tentara Soldier
     Mata uang Currency
     Hingga Even
     Menyatakan Declare
     Perang War
     Pihak Party
     Menyebut Say




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     Di kalangan Among
     Bahkan Even also
     Istilah Term
     Merujuk Incline toward
     Makna Meaning
     Penindasan Oppression
     Pemerasan Exploiting by coercion








Let's watch a video about Dutch Government's colonisation in Nusantara.

Ayo berdiskusi!

How would you describe KNIL's army components?

What do you think were KNIL's war strategy?

What were the Dutch's colonial strategies? Why was this so?

What different policies existed between different Dutch Governor Generals?

What was the rationale behind the cultivation system?

What ideologies served as platforms for Indonesian nationalism?

Why do you think the USA supported Indonesian independence movement?

Let's read some wikipedia excerpts about the Ethical Policy and practise our translation skills


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     balas budi return favour
     kebijakan policy
     resmi official
     pendudukan occupation
     mengumumkan announce
     tanggung jawab responsibility
     kesejahteraan well being
     menghasilkan produce
     keuntungan profit
     menandai marks
     peradaban civilisation
     melibatkan involves
     penyebaran the spreading
     terjajah colonised

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     pemikiran reasoning
     menyatakan to state
     memegang to hold
     tanggung jawab responsibility
     bumiputera native person
     tanam paksa forced cultivation
     muncul appear
     pelopor pioneer
     wartawan journalist
     memperhatikan to pay attention
     nasib fate
     terbelakang under developed

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naik tahta crowned
menegaskan to assert
hutang budi indebted
menuangkan to pour/utter
terangkum summarised
meliputi to cover (news/rules)
bendungan dam/dyke
memperluas to widen
pihak people/parties
menghubungkan to connect
diterbitkan published
beberapa waktu sebelumnya not long before
pencetus instigator

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Ayo Berdiskusi!

What spurred and motivated the Dutch towards the implementation of the 'ethical policy' in Indonesia?

What kind of changes did it affect?

Do historians consider it successful and effective?

What legacy, consequences and repercussions do you think the ethical policy had?

Perjuangan rakyat Nusantara melawan Belanda.

Let's watch some clips about 20th century Dutch colonisation and Indonesian resistance against the Dutch, followed by class discussion.


Video archive: Dutch East Indies to Indonesia (1900-1949)

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Pendudukan Occupation
wilayah Territory
Dibentuk Formed
Nasionalisasi Nationalisation

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Jajahan Colony
Diperluas Widen
Mencapai Reaching
Batas Border
Berharga valuable
Kekuasaan Power
Keunggulan Superiority
Hasil Bumi Natural resources/Earth's produce

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Tatanan Order
Didasarkan Based on
Kaku Rigid
Terpisah Seperated
Berhubungan In contact
Pribumi Native
Menetapkan Set
Panggung Stage

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Melemahkan Weaken
Menyerah Surrender
Perjuangkan Fought for
Mengakui Acknowledged
Kedaulatan Sovereignty
Meja Bundar Round Table
Pengecualian Exception
Persetujuan Agreement
Markas Headquarters

Ayo berdiskusi!

What were the main events and aspects of 20th century Dutch colonialism in Indonesia?






Kahoot! Activity


Let's login to Kahoot! and test our knowledge.


Player join

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Host login

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Grammar Talk

Homework discussion

Indonesian Grammar Reference



Bahasa Gaul

Let's learn some slang!

Bahasa Gaul PDF




Keeping up with the news


As the course progresses, from time to time, we might read the headlines from the latest Indonesian news for class discussion.


CNN Indonesia

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Antara News

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